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How a normal Knee Joint works?

The knee is the largest weight-bearing joint in the body. The knee is made up of the lower end of the thigh bone (femur), which moves on the upper end of the shin bone (tibia), and the knee cap (patella), which slides in a groove on the end of the femur. Large ligaments attach to the femur and tibia to provide stability. The long thigh muscles give the knee strength for movement. The joint surfaces where these three bones move against each other are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth tissue that cushions the bones and enables them to move easily. All remaining surfaces of the knee are covered by a thin, smooth tissue liner called the synovial membrane. In a healthy knee, this membrane releases a special fluid that lubricates the knee and almost eliminates the friction. Normally, all of these components work in harmony. But disease or injury can disrupt this harmony, resulting in pain, muscle weakness, and less function.


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    What is Knee Arthritis?

    Arthritis means roughness of joint surface and it the most common cause of chronic knee pain and disability. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis are the most common forms of this disease.

    What is Osteoarthritis Knee Joint?

    Osteoarthritis of Knees is degenerative joint diseases i.e. wears and tear with age. The surface of the Knee joint becomes rough and eroded, which gives pain on walking, stiffness, swelling and bowing of legs. It starts after age of 40 yrs & more disabling after 50 yrs of age. Obesity, Family history, old age & old knee injury are the common risk factors for Osteoarthritis development.

    What are the treatment options for Osteoarthritis Knee?

    This condition has various stages. Treatment depends on the stage of disease. If diagnose at an Early stage then Non-operative treatment has good result and further progression of disease can be controlled. But mostly patients go to doctor in late stage with deformity; in such condition operation is advised. Treatment of Early Osteoarthritis includes, Patient Education, Knee Physiotherapy, Weight Reduction, Activities Modification, Pain Killer Medication (NSAID), Diacerin, Glucosamine, Chodrotin Sulphate supplements.